Issues before brick industry and brick making machines in India

The brick industry forms the backbone of the construction industry. The unorganized sector, the brick sector, is very large and wide in India. The brick production of India is second largest in the world after china. The sector is increasing because of growing demand of bricks from construction and housing industry. To cater to this huge demand, it is estimated that 150,000 units are employing more than 8 million workers.

The major challenge before the brick industry is that it is highly polluting industry. The main reason for this is the obsolete technologies used in the brick making. Most of the places, where bricks are made experience heavy local pollution. The carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxide cause pollution of the air. The bottom ash left behind as residual from burning coal is the other issue. The respiratory problems and damage caused to nearby agriculture land is the major cause of worry to agriculturist.

Brick industry has to compete for resources which are also used in other industries. The coal is used on steel and also in brick industry. The brick industry used 24 million tonnes of coal annually, which is the third largest user after power and steel. The top layer of soil is taken for bricks. That destruction of top layer of soil creates problem for agriculture.  The kiln itself takes lot of space and makes land unfit for agriculture.

Since brick making is labor intensive industry, large number of poor people are involved in brick making industry at low remunerations in poor working conditions. Another issue that is related with the nature of brick industry is that it is seasonal work that lasts only 6- 7 months.

Now with the use of brick making machines, the situation as far as pollution is concern may improve a bit.  An affordable clay brick making machine with mixer can mix up to 600 kg of material. Bricks Making Machine .Bricks come from this machine without any defect in the shape at constant speed. The machine can make up to 52 clay bricks in one minute. This machine is especially for stamped clay machines.

The fly ash brick making machines is a single platform machine. It can produces around 10,000 bricks in 8 hours. Thus reducing the amount of labor and time involved considerably. The machine is made with advanced technology and materials .the mixing gear capacity of the machine is 500 kg.

Another fly ash brick making machine called 2 bricks fly ash brick making machine is very easy to maintain and occupies small space. Fly Ash Brick Machine  It can produce around 2500 bricks or blocks in 8 hours. Its concrete mixing capacity is 50 kg. It contains four blades with widening space. It is dual purpose machine as both bricks and blocks are caste on the same machine. But the removal of the brick is manual process.

Use Of Fly Ash in Construction Purposes, Its Advantages and Disadvantages

One of the residues generated by the process of coal combustion is fly ash, which can be used for the purpose of manufacturing of fly ash construction bricks of various sizes and dimensions. Different types of manufacturing processes used in construction of fly ash bricks for constructional purposes are discusses below.

How fly ash bricks are manufactured using different types of Manufacturing Processes?

For the purpose of manufacturing of construction fly ash brick, the equal amount of clay is added with fly ash. The mixture of equal amount of clay and fly ash is effectively fired in a kiln at an extremely high temperature of 1000 degree centigrade.

Based on the needs and requirements, the manufacturers can effective reduced or increase the amount of clay in this type or manufacturing of construction fly ash bricks.  Another popular method of production of construction fly ash bricks are by effectively mixing the soil, plaster of Paris, water and fly ash, which is allowed to dry by itself.  Besides being economical, this procedure of production of fly ash brick for construction is free from heat and hence results in no air pollution. High pressure technique with greater proportion of fly ash is used for the purpose of bulk production of construction fly bricks in more modern manufacturing processes.

One of the major advantages of using brick made from fly ash for constructional purposes is that it’s manufacturing costs 20 % less than traditional clay bricks of same sizes and dimensions. Other advantages of construction fly ash brick are that these bricks are known for their excellent fire insulation capacity. In addition to this, the construction bricks manufacturing processes are known for causing less mercury pollution.

The construction fly ash brick is known for no or minimum breakage during the transportation and use. Besides this, the construction fly ash brick is known for its ability to withstand high mechanical stress. The mortar required for joints and plaster is effectively reduced by 50 %, due to uniform size of the construction fly ash bricks. The seepage of water through the bricks is considerably reduced owing to the low water penetration of the fly ash bricks in various construction applications.

Advantages Associated With Fly Ash Bricks for Construction Purposes

One of the major advantages of using fly ash bricks over the traditional clay bricks is that gypsum plaster can be effectively and directly applied without a backing coat of lime plaster. Only sprinkling of water before use is required as compared to traditional clay bricks that often require soaking in water for twenty four hours.

What are different Disadvantages of Using Fly Ash Brick for Construction Purposes?

The fly ash bricks manufactured by using Fly Ash Brick Machine, is known for their weak mechanical strength.  With the addition of marble waste or even mortar between the fly ash blocks or bricks, the problem of weak mechanical strength can be effectively rectified.

Limitation of size is another problem associated with fly ash brick manufactured by using ultra-modern Fly Ash Brick Making Machine. Large size of the fly ash bricks will have more breakage and hence highly uneconomical in nature.

Basic of Construction and Benefits of Construction Industries in India

Designing and building infrastructure or a facility is a process of construction. It is reported that the construction industry has contributed about six to ten percentage gross domestic product of various developed countries. Planning, designing and financing are some of the essential components of construction and continue until the construction project is construction and ready for use.

Human multitasking feats if huge scale construction. For the purpose of managing the construction job, builders or contractors hire project managers. Besides this, the builders also hired construction manager and design engineer. The construction is effectively supervised by a team of qualified construction engineer or project architect.

One of the major essential elements of successful execution of a project of construction is systematic planning. Some of the factors that are considered while planning the projects are their environmental impact of the projects. Besides this, scheduling, budgeting, and construction site safety are other factors that should be considered while planning a project. In addition to this, the availability and transportation of building materials should also be considered while planning a project.

Logistic should also be considered while planning any construction. The impact of construction delays and bidding that caused by inconvenience to public, are also considered for the purpose of planning a construction project. Building and residential construction are different types of construction.  By process of adding structure to real property, the building construction is used. In addition to this, adding precise structure to the construction of buildings is important and essential element of construction industry. Develop floor plans comes under the residential construction industry.

For construction of sidewalks, road surfaces, patios, and courtyards, different types of pavement constructed from paver blocks are used in construction industry. Different types of paver block manufactured from the well-known Paver Block Machine. Owing to its large production capacity of the paver block machinery, the builders or contractors can manufacture bulk assignments of paver blocks at the site of construction.

Construction industry in India has contributed about 6708 billion dollars to the national GDP in 2011-12. It is reported that 35 million peoples got job from construction industry in India through indirect and direct jobs in the year 2011. The construction industry is fragmented with medium-sized companies. In addition to this, the construction industry consists of small and medium contractors who work on the basis and carry out the construction work in the field.  It is reported that 500 construction equipment manufacturing companies, set up and maintained in the year 2011. Owing to its labor –intensive industry, the construction industry has created a lot of jobs in India.

Different types of brick are used in different types of construction industry. The builders can avail different types of bricks in various sizes and dimensions, as per their needs and requirements. For production of uniform size brick with durability, the builders can purchase or even rent different types of high quality Brick Making Machine.